Autobiography of jazz elder statesman Frank “Doc” Adams, highlighting his role in Birmingham, Alabama’s, historic jazz scene and tracing his personal adventure that parallels, in many ways, the story and spirit of jazz itself.
Doc tells the story of an accomplished jazz master, from his musical apprenticeship under John T. “Fess” Whatley and his time touring with Sun Ra and Duke Ellington to his own inspiring work as an educator and bandleader.
Central to this narrative is the often-overlooked story of Birmingham’s unique jazz tradition and community. From the very beginnings of jazz, Birmingham was home to an active network of jazz practitioners and a remarkable system of jazz apprenticeship rooted in the city’s segregated schools. Birmingham musicians spread across the country to populate the sidelines of the nation’s bestknown bands. Local musicians, like Erskine Hawkins and members of his celebrated orchestra, returned home heroes. Frank “Doc” Adams explores, through first-hand experience, the history of this community, introducing readers to a large and colorful cast of characters—including “Fess” Whatley, the legendary “maker of musicians” who trained legions of Birmingham players and made a significant mark on the larger history of jazz. Adams’s interactions with the young Sun Ra, meanwhile, reveal life-changing lessons from one of American music’s most innovative personalities.
Along the way, Adams reflects on his notable family, including his father, Oscar, editor of the Birmingham Reporter and an outspoken civic leader in the African American community, and Adams’s brother, Oscar Jr., who would become Alabama’s first black supreme court justice. Adams’s story offers a valuable window into the world of Birmingham’s black middle class in the days before the civil rights movement and integration. Throughout, Adams demonstrates the ways in which jazz professionalism became a source of pride within this community, and he offers his thoughts on the continued relevance of jazz education in the twenty-first century.
List of Illustrations Acknowledgments Introduction Family The Church Schoolboy “Fess” Outer Space First Gigs and Birmingham Clubs Summers on the Road Howard Bounce, Bebop, Blues, and Swing Teacher Bandleader Friends and Mentors Building a Family, Making Ends Meet The Movement Keeping the Spirit “Doc” Index
Dr. Frank “Doc” Adams (1928–2014) served Birmingham City Schools for more than forty years, both as a band director and as the district’s supervisor of music. For his contributions to Alabama jazz, he was a charter inductee, in 1978, to the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.
Burgin Mathews is a writer and teacher who has written on the music of the American South. He lives in Birmingham, Alabama.
“Doc: The Story of a Birmingham Jazz Man is an important book that will be of value to students of musical history and the history of race and the African American community in Alabama. It is also a book filled with good stories, and there is always value in that.” —Alabama Review
“This story of an important African American musician was carefully compiled by Mathews, who taped many interviews and transferred them to written format for this book. . . . His [Adams's] love for teaching shines through the pages of this book, which serves equally as a fine volume for teachers, musicians, and the general reader. ‘Doc’ did things right.” —Music Educators Journal
“Frank Adams’s account of his life as a musician in Birmingham is fascinating on its own, with his rich stories of life on the road, the bands of Duke Ellington and Sun Ra, and the fabled music teacher Fess Whatley. But his memories of the development of the city’s culture, the role of African American educational institutions, life under segregation, and the struggle for civil rights give this fine book an epic feel, and show us sides of Birmingham that historians have missed.” —John Szwed, author of Alan Lomax: The Man Who Recorded the World and Space Is the Place: The Lives and Times of Sun Ra