As a source of colonial wealth and a crucible for global culture, Jamaica has had a profound impact on the formation of the modern world system. From the island's economic and military importance to the colonial empires it has hosted and the multitude of ways in which diverse people from varied parts of the world have coexisted in and reacted against systems of inequality, Jamaica has long been a major focus of archaeological studies of the colonial period.
This volume assembles for the first time the results of nearly three decades of historical archaeology in Jamaica. Scholars present research on maritime and terrestrial archaeological sites, addressing issues such as: the early Spanish period at Seville la Nueva; the development of the first major British settlement at Port Royal; the complexities of the sugar and coffee plantation system, and the conditions prior to, and following, the abolition of slavery in Jamaica. The everyday life of African Jamaican people is examined by focusing on the development of Jamaica's internal marketing system, consumer behavior among enslaved people, iron-working and ceramic-making traditions, and the development of a sovereign Maroon society at Nanny Town.
Out of Many, One People paints a complex and fascinating picture of life in colonial Jamaica, and demonstrates how archaeology has contributed to heritage preservation on the island.
List of Illustrations
1. Introduction: Historical Archaeology in Jamaica
Part I: The Archaeology of the Early Colonial Period
2. Feudalism or Agrarian Capitalism? : The Archaeology of the Early Sixteenth-Century Spanish Sugar Industry
3. Port Royal and Jamaica: Wrought-Iron Hand Tools Recovered as Archaeological Evidence and the Material Culture Mentioned in Probate Inventories ca. 1692
4. Evidence for Port Royal’s British Colonial Merchant Class as Reflected in the New Street Tavern Site Assemblage
Part II: The Archaeology of the Plantation System
5. Reflections on Seville: Rediscovering the African Jamaican Settlements at Seville Plantation, St. Ann’s Bay
6. Maritime Connections in a Plantation economy: Archaeological Investigations of a Colonial Sloop in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica
7. The Habitus of Jamaican Plantation Landscapes
8. Excavating the Roots of Resistance: The Significance of Maroons in Jamaican Archaeology
Part III: The Archaeology of Jamaican Society
9. Of Earth and Clay: Locating Colonial Economies and Local Ceramics
10. Household Market Activities Among Early Nineteenth-Century Jamaican Slaves: an Archaeological Case Study from Two Slave Settlements
11. Assessing the Impacts of Time, Agricultural Cycles, and Demography on the Consumer Activities of Enslaved Men and Women in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica and Virginia
12. Identity and Opportunity in Post-Slavery Jamaica
Epilogue: Explorations in Jamaican Historical Archaeology