The Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI) is a selfdescribed National American Indian Community College in Albuquerque, New Mexico. SIPI is operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, an agency of the U.S. government that has overseen and managed the relationship between the government and American Indian tribes for almost two hundred years. Students at SIPI are registered members of federally recognized American Indian tribes from throughout the contiguous United States and Alaska.
A fascinatingly hybridized institution, SIPI attempts to meld two conflicting institutional models—a tribally controlled college or university and a Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Indian school—with their unique corporate cultures, rules, and philosophies. Students attempt to cope with the institution and successfully make their way through it by using (consciously or not) an array of metaphorical representations of the school. Students who used discourses of discipline and control compared SIPI to a BIA boarding school, a high school, or a prison, and focused on the school’s restrictive policies drawn from the BIA model. Those who used discourses of family and haven emphasized the emotional connection built between students and other members of the SIPI community following the TCU model. Speakers who used discourses of agency and selfreliance asserted that students can define their own experiences at SIPI. Through a series of interviews, this volume examines the ways in which students attempt to accommodate this variety of conflicts and presents an innovative and enlightening look into the contemporary state of American Indian educational institutions.
List of Illustrations
1. Entering the Turquoise Gates: The Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute
2. Thinking and Talking About SIPI: Narratives and Metaphors
3. “A Standing Army of School Teachers”: Ameri can Indian Education, Assimilation, and the BIA
4. Taking a New Path: The Decision to Attend SIPI
5. Life Within the Eagle’s Head
6. SIPI Is a Reservation: Family, Friends, and Mentors
7. SIPI Is What You Make It: Academics, Administration, and Working Around the System
8. SIPI Is an Opportunity: Giving Students the Chance to Dream
Appendix. Studying the Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute
Angelle A. Khachadoorian is an independent researcher currently residing in California. She taught at the Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute for almost ten years and was a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the United States Air Force Academy.