Crossing the Borders
New Methods and Techniques in the Study of Archaeological Materials from the Caribbean
Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory
432 Pages, 6.12 x 9.25 x 0.90 in, 59
- Published: March 2008
- Published: November 2010
Explores the application of a selected number of newly emerging methods and techniques
During the past few decades, Caribbean scholars on both sides of the Atlantic have increasingly developed and employed new methods and techniques for the study of archaeological materials. The aim of earlier research in the Caribbean was mainly to define typologies on the basis of pottery and lithic assemblages leading to the establishment of chronological charts for the region, and it was not until the 1980s that the use of technological and functional analyses of artifacts became widespread. The 1990s saw a veritable boom in this field, introducing innovative methods and techniques for analyzing artifacts and human skeletal remains. Innovative approaches included microscopic use-wear analysis, starch residue and phytolith analysis, stable isotope analysis, experimental research, ethnoarchaeological studies, geochemical analyses, and DNA studies.
The purpose of this volume is to describe new methods and techniques in the study of archaeological materials from the Caribbean and to assess possible avenues of mutual benefit and integration. Exploring the advantages and disadvantages in the application of a selected number of newly emerging methods and techniques, each of these approaches is illustrated by a case study. These studies benefited from a diverse array of experience and the international background of the researchers from Canada, the Netherlands, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Martinique, Italy, Mexico, Dominican Republic, England, and the United States who are integral members of the archaeological community of the Caribbean. A background to the study of archaeological materials in the Caribbean since the 1930s is provided in order to contextualize the latest developments in this field.
Contents List of Illustrations 000 1. Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries and National Borders: New Methods and Techniques in the Study of Archaeological Materials from the Caribbean Corinne L. Hofman, Menno L. P. Hoogland, and Annelou L. van Gijn 000 Part I. Provenance Studies 2. In Tuneful Threefold: Combining Conventional Archaeological Methods, Archaeometric Techniques, and Ethnoarchaeological Research in the Study of Precolonial Pottery of the Caribbean Corinne L. Hofman, A. J. Daan Isendoorn, Mathijs A. Booden, and Loe F. H. C. Jacobs 000 3. American Gold and European Brass: Metal Objects and Indigenous Values in the Cemetery of El Chorro de Maita, Cuba Jago Cooper, Marcos Martinon-Torres, and Roberto Valcarcel Rojas 000 4. Chert Sourcing in the Northern Lesser Antilles: The Use of Geochemical Techniques in Discriminating Chert Materials Sebastiaan Knippenberg and Johannes J. P. Zijlstra 000 Part II. Functional Studies of Artifacts 5. A New Material to View the Past: Dental Alginate Molds of Friable Artifacts Charlene Dixon Hutcheson 000 6. Saladoid Lapidary Technology: New Methods for Investigating Stone Bead Drilling Techniques Christy de Mille, Tamara Varney, and Michael Turney 000 7. Lithic Technology: A Way to More Complex Diversity in Caribbean Archaeology Benoit Berard 000 8. Tool Use and Technological Choices: An Integral Approach toward Functional Analysis of Caribbean Tool Assemblages Annelou van Gijn, Yvonne Lammers-Keijsers, and Iris Briels 000 9. Understanding the Function of Coral Tools from Anse a la Gourde: An Experimental Approach Harold J. Kelly and Annelou van Gijn 000 10. The Significance of Wear and Residue Studies: An Example from Plum Piece, Saba Channah Jose Nieuwenhuis 000 11. Starch Residues on Lithic Artifacts from Two Contrasting Contexts in Northwestern Puerto Rico: Los Muertos Cave and Vega de Nelo Vargas Farmstead Jaime R. Pagan Jimenez and Jose R. Oliver 000 12. The Buren in Precolonial Cuban Archaeology: New Information Regarding the Use of Plants and Ceramic Griddles during the Late Ceramic Age of Eastern Cuba Gathered through Starch Analysis Roberto Rodriguez Suarez and Jaime R. Pagan Jimenez 000 Part III. New Trends in Paleobotanical and Paleo-Osteological Research 13. Caribbean Paleoethnobotany: Present Status and New Horizons (Understanding the Evolution of an Indigenous Ethnobotany) Lee A. Newsom 000 14. New Evidence of Two Different Migratory Waves in the Circum-Caribbean Area during the Pre-Columbian Period from the Analysis of Dental Morphological Traits Alfredo Coppa, Andrea Cucina, Menno Hoogland, Michaela Lucci, Fernando Luna Calderon, Raphael G. A. M. Panhuysen, Glenis Tavarez Maria, Roberto Valcarcel Rojas, and Rita Vargiu 000 15. Tracing Human Mobility with 87Sr/86Sr at Anse a la Gourde, Guadeloupe Mathijs A. Booden, Raphael G. A. M. Panhuysen, Menno L. P. Hoogland, Hylke N. de Jong, Gareth R. Davies, and Corinne L. Hofman 000 16. Epilogue: The Correct Answer Requires the Right Question (and the Technology to Back It Up) William F. Keegan 000 References Cited 000 Contributors 000 Index 000