Traces 400 years of Osage culture from prehistoric times to the group's current status as an officially recognized tribe.
Osage traditional lands are located in mid-continental America encompassed by the present-day states of Arkansas, Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma. Major waterways through these lands and the defensible terrain of the Ozark range provided the tribe a distinct advantage in prehistoric and early historic times. A warlike people, the Osage long encroached on neighboring tribal lands, especially those of the Caddo to the southwest. Yet good natural boundaries and centuries of success in warfare afforded the tribe little advantage in attempts to forestall Euro-American westward expansion. Three major routes to the West—the Missouri and Arkansas Rivers and the Continental Trail—crossed Osage land, so conflict with the newcomers was inevitable.
Louis Burns draws on ancestral oral traditions and research in a broad body of literature to tell the story of the Osage people. He writes clearly and concisely, from the Osage perspective. First published in 1989 and for many years out of print, this revised edition is augmented by a new preface and maps. Because of its masterful compilation and synthesis of the known data, A History of the Osage People continues to be the best reference for information on an important American Indian people.
Louis F. Burns, of Osage-French-Scottish heritage, is a member of the Mottled Eagle Clan and author of six books, including Symbolic and Decorative Art of the Osage People.
Contents Illustrations 000 Preface to the New Edition 000 Preface to the First Edition 000 Part One: The Ascent of the Osage People, 12001803 1. Osage Origins 000 2. The Osage Empire 000 3. Osage Relationships with Euro-Americans, 16751803000 Part Two: Eroding the Osage Civilization, 18031850 4. Coming of the Americans 000 5. Treaties and Land Cessions 000 6. The Indian State and Removal 000 7. The Effects of Removal 000 8. Osage Culture and United Statesþ Policy 000 9. The Search for Comprehension 000 Part Three: Facing the Four Horsemen, 18501865 10. Pestilence Strikes the People 000 11. The White Man's War Visits the Osages 000 Part Four: The Euro-American Affliction, 18651875 12. The Outcasts 000 13. Osage Land Cession of 1865 000 14. The End of Indian Treaty-Making 000 15. The Drum Creek Treaty 000 16. The Osage Removal 000 17. The Final Move 000 Part Five: The Road to Accommodation, 18751906 18. Farewell to the Past 000 19. Bluestem and Cattle 000 20. Constitutional Government and Allotment 000 Part Six: Standing in Two Worlds, 19061989 000 21. Black Gold 000 22. Indian Influences and the Modern Indian 000 23. Epilogue 000 Notes 000 Bibliography 000 Index 000
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Osage Indians History