In the 1930s, Monroe, Louisiana, was a town of twenty-six thousand in the northeastern corner of the state, an area described by the New Orleans Item as the “lynch law center of Louisiana.” race relations were bad, and the Depression was pitiless for most, especially for the working class—a great many of whom had no work at all or seasonal work at best. Yet for a few years in the early 1930s, this unlikely spot was home to the Monarchs, a national-caliber Negro League baseball team. Crowds of black and white fans eagerly filled their segregated grandstand seats to see the players who would become the only World Series team Louisiana would ever generate, and the first from the American South.
By 1932, the team had as good a claim to the national baseball championship of black America as any other. Partisans claim, with merit, that league officials awarded the National Championship to the Chicago American Giants in flagrant violation of the league’s own rules: times were hard and more people would pay to see a Chicago team than an outfit from the Louisiana back country. Black newspapers in the South rallied to support Monroe’s cause, railing against the league and the bias of black newspapers in the North, but the decision, unfair though it may have been, was also the only financially feasible option for the league’s besieged leadership, who were struggling to maintain a black baseball league in the midst of the Great Depression.
Aiello addresses long-held misunderstandings and misinterpretations of the Monarchs’ 1932 season. He tells the almost-unknown story of the team—its time, its fortunes, its hometown—and positions black baseball in the context of American racial discrimination. He illuminates the culture-changing power of a baseball team and the importance of sport in cultural and social history.
Introduction: The 1932 Negro Southern League
1. The Horror: Race Culture in the “Lynch Law Center of louisiana”
2. The Jazz age and the Depression: The Different Trajectories of Monroe and Black Baseball in the 1920s
3. The flood: Water, Race, and the Monarchs in Early 1932
Illustrations follow page 34
4. The Monarchs and the Major Leagues: The State of Black Baseball in 1932
5. Spring Training: The Monarchs, the Crawfords, and the Negro Southern League
6. The First Half: April–July 1932
Tables follow page 80
7. The Southern against the South: The first- Half Pennant Controversy
8. The Second Half: July–August 1932
9. The World Series: September–October 1932
10. After September: The Season, the Monarchs, and Monroe in the Popular and Historical Mind
Conclusion: “We Have Yet to Find a Moses”
Appendix 1. 1932 Monroe Monarchs Schedule and Results
Appendix 2. Timeline of 1932 Player/Personnel Acquisitions
Appendix 3. Monroe Monarchs Roster Breakdown and Comparison
Appendix 4. Statistical Analysis of the Available Data for the 1932 Monroe Monarchs