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The Reminiscences of George Strother Gaines, The Reminiscences of George Strother Gaines, 0817308970, 0-8173-0897-0, 978-0-8173-0897-1, 9780817308971, , , The Reminiscences of George Strother Gaines, 0817388818, 0-8173-8881-8, 978-0-8173-8881-2, 9780817388812,

The Reminiscences of George Strother Gaines
Pioneer and Statesman of Early Alabama and Mississippi, 1805–1843
by George Strother Gaines
Edited by James P. Pate

Quality Paper
1998. 244 pp.
Price:  $22.95 s
E Book
244 pp.
Price:  $22.95 d

This first book-length, annotated edition of Gaines' Reminiscences provides a fascinating glimpse into the early history of the Mississippi-Alabama Territory and antebellum Alabama.

The two sections of the Reminiscences of George Strother Gaines form one of the most important primary sources on the early history of
Alabama and Mississippi. The Reminiscences cover the years 1805 to 1843, during which time Gaines served as assistant factor and then factor of the Choctaw trading house (1805-18), cashier of Tombeckbee Bank in St. Stephens (1818-22), a merchant in Demopolis (1822-32), and finally a banker and merchant in Mobile (1832-43). In addition, Gaines played a key role in Indian-white relations during the Creek War of 1813-14, served a two-year term in the Alabama Senate (1825-27), led a Choctaw exploring party to the new Choctaw lands in the West following the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (1830-31), and served as the superintendent for Choctaw removal (1831-32).

Gaines dictated his Reminiscences in 1871 at the age of eighty-seven. Part of the Reminiscences, referred to as the "first series," was originally published in five issues of the Mobile Register in June-July 1872 as "Notes on the Early Days of South Alabama." Nearly a century later, the first series and the previously unpublished second series, "Reminiscences of Early Times in Mississippi Territory," were published in a 1964 issue of the Alabama Historical Quarterly as "Gaines' Reminiscences."

In this first book-length edition of the Reminiscences, James Pate has provided an extensive biographical introduction, notes, illustrations,
maps, and appendixes to aid the general reader and the scholar. The appendixes include additional unpublished primary materials-including interviews conducted by Albert James Pickett in 1847 and 1848 that provide further information about this important early pioneer and statesman.


James P. Pate is Dean of the School of Arts and Letters and Professor of History at Southeastern Oklahoma State University.



"George Strother Gaines was a leader in the Bigbee Valley area of Alabama and Mississippi during the critical territorial and early statehood periods. He had firsthand information about the Indians and government policy on Indian removal, and he knew the people, events, and issues which shaped the politics of the period. Gaines' Reminiscences have long been used historians to recount the early days of Alabama, but this edition gives the reader the advantage of the scholarship of James P. Pate, who has written a fine introduction and provided annotations, an additional Gaines letter, and two interviews with Gaines which are in appendices. This is an important addition to the Library of Alabama Classics." — Leah Rawls Atkins, Auburn University

"Gaines' Reminiscences is an interesting and important document pertaining to the early history of Alabama. There are few such accounts from people as significant as George Strother Gaines that are not written with some particular motive in mind, and this makes Gaines' account all the more important. This is a very significant publication." — Harvey H. Jackson III, Jacksonville State University

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